Hohenwerfen Castle

           

Hohenwerfen Castle, Werfen, Salzburg, Austria. What secrets does it hold? Emperor Henry IV's first wife, Bertha Savoy died in 1087. The Investiture Controversy and political assassinations of several popes culminated in the election of Pope Urban II in 1088, the same year that Gebhard of Salzburg who had that magnificent Hohenwerfen Castle constructed, died. The castle's not so obvious history, and one no tour guide will ever speak of, began about three decades before.

Book Excerpt(s)
Historical Information and Excerpt
from
Chrysalis II: Metamorphosis of Odium, Chapter I - Cultus Adeptum: Becoming Supreme Emperor
Book: Chrysalis I: Metamorphosis of Odium
Book: Chrysalis I: Metamorphosis of Odium.
© 2019 Jozef Borovský, All rights reserved.

Gebhard of Salzburg was opposed Emperor Henry IV who, like his father, continued to appoint bishops in his empire instead of the pope. In this way, German emperors maintained supremacy over secular and spiritual affairs in their realm, not the Vatican. Popes were forced to serve the emperor, not the other way around. There were pragmatic, political reasons for this. It enabled emperors to maintain sovereignty in their realm with marginal interference from Rome. The German Count Gebhard of Calw, Tollenstein und Hirschberg, for example, was appointed Bishop of Eichstätt by Emperor Henry III Salier. His son, Henry IV was crowned King of Romans in 1054 at age four. Eichstätt Bishop Gebhard became Pope Victor II in 1055. Henry IV was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 1056 when he was only six years old after the death of his father. Unfortunately, because of the political tug of war between Germany and the Vatican, Henry IV's problem was that he was never consecrated emperor by any legitimately recognized pope, not in Rome. Being consecrated as an emperor by the power of the Church became Henry's obsession. Pope Gregory VII excommunicated Roman King Henry IV Salier just before Germans gained access to Rome in 1084. The German army managed to capture the city and Henry was rewarded with his coronation as Holy Roman Emperor at Saint Peter's Basilica by his newly installed Pope Clement III on March 31st.In the end, and despite the fact the Henry reigned by imperial prerogative for the past thirty-four years, finally had to manufacture a pope - as many before him did - to be "consecrated" by the divine mysteries of that holy office of Supreme Pontiff.

Henry's first wife, Bertha Savoy died in 1087. The Investiture Controversy and political assassinations of several popes culminated in the election of Pope Urban II in 1088, the same year that Gebhard of Salzburg who had that magnificent Hohenwefen Castle constructed, died. Henry's second wife was Empress Adelaide (Adelheid [de.]) whom he married in 1089. Adelaide was the name the empress chose as her coronation name. Her real name was Princess Eupraxia Rurikova of Kiev, daughter of Prince Vsevolod I Yaroslavich of Kiev by his patronym, or Vsevolod I Rurikov. As far as Urban was concerned, Henry had broken all European convention and Catholic civility. He dared to marry and enter into an alliance with a despised Slavic enemy of the Church! His marriage guaranteed that he would never be consecrated as Holy Roman Emperor – not on Pope Urban II's watch, nor ever! Immediately, Urban went on the attack with character assassination and scandal. Rumours began. Adelaide was a beautiful woman who made the pope's propaganda easy to sell. Pope Urban II converted rumours into truth in 1094 at his Synod held in Constance where charges against Henry were made public and official. The scandal tells a sordid story of a Henry who kept his empress imprisoned as a sex slave at San Zeno Monastery near Verona where Henry stayed during his Italian campaigns. Supposedly, Adelaide managed to escape in 1093 to the papal fortress of Canossa where all became known. In 1094, Adelaide made a public confession at Urban's Council of Piacenza held March 1-7, 1095. One can only imagine that in reality, she endured considerable torture to agree to denounce Henry. In attendance also was French King Philip I who came to plead his case against his excommunication. Adelaide accused Henry of conducting Satanic orgies and Satanic Black Mass as part of his membership in the agnostic Nicolaitan Christian Church's Satanic rites. Apparently, Henry even forced Adelaide to have sex with his son, Conrad, who refused, and because of this, joined Pope Urban II against Henry in the Italian War. Adelaide became pregnant at one of these orgies and so, distraught, she left Henry to seek the Holy Father's protection. The council approved several canons among which included Nicolaitan Christianity a heresy, and also banned payment to clerics for Catholic baptisms in case heretics disguised themselves as Catholics. After this council, Adelaide sought and received exile in Ungaria (Hungary), and in 1099 returned to Kiev where she became a nun until her death. Benedictine monk Donizo of Canossa wrote Vita Mathildis (Life of Matilda)(1) around 1115, which also includes the story of Adelaide which made it stick as truth for posterity. In reality, however, Pope Urban II was persecuting Henry IV. He used Adelaide to achieve Henry's ruin and the end to the Vatican's reluctant alliance with the Slavic Kievan Rus. These were the main objectives of Pope Urban II's character assassination of Henry IV. For all his historical piety, Urban's psychopathy is undeniable in real history. His deviant actions were not the actions of a normal person.

To reclaim papal supremacy from Henry, Pope Urban II eventually went on to organize the First Crusade (1095-1099) - the crusade which would plunge Europe into conflict with the Caliphate on an apocalyptic, genocidal scale. Urban died in 1099. His successor was Pope Paschal II, consecrated in 1099. Like his namesake Pope Paschal I, this pope would continue the Vatican's policy for a French imperium. One of his first acts was to declare Emperor Henry IV an excommunicate king for a second time. Paschal turned Henry's son against his father. Emperor Henry IV was taken prisoner at Koblenz (Castellum apud Confluentes) and forced to abdicate on December 31, 1105, then imprisoned at Waldböckelheim (Becchilenheim), Germany. Henry IV escaped, however. He assembled a large army which defeated his son's and the pope's forces at Visé (Lanaye), Belgium in 1106. And so, faced with defeat, Pope Paschal II's divinity intervened culminating in Henry IV Salier's assassination while residing at the Walloon residence of Bishop Otbert of Liège (Ligeris) where Henry IV died on August 7th. He was only fifty-six-years-old. Pope Paschal, nevertheless, had his revenge:

And after a short interval, he died at Liège and was buried there as becoming a monarch. But afterwards, by command of the Roman Pontiff, his body was dug up and cast out of the cemetery. A warning is afforded in the life of this King to all sovereigns, that in case of a schism ever arising in Church, they should not hastily incline to either party, should carefully ascertain where the truth lies, and give that side their countenance. For I suppose that, the permission of God, this venerable Emperor was, on account of his error in this particular, smitten, with penury, and punished in this world by the ingratitude of his son, and that at last, he bore all these sorrows patiently.(2)

The desecration of the dead emperor's remains was hardly necessary, but it was a personal vendetta against a man whom the Vatican could harm only in death. This Roman Catholic Church was graduating into a psychopathic cult. The pope was sending a public message to all monarchs who refused the Church's supremacy. Sensing German weakness, and Vatican strength, perhaps out of the pope's threat of excommunication and the damnation of his eternal soul, Ungarian King Coloman I Arpad officially broke with Germany in 1106 at Pope Paschal II's synod at Guastalla, Italy - he was with Rome, not Germany. Coloman's envoys appeased the pope with the announcement that the Ungarian king renounced his German imperial prerogative to appoint prelates in his realm. Ungaria now supported Paschal's papal policies including the "defence" of the Byzantine Empire. Coloman was not a Slav or Turk. Ungarian Slavic-Turkic nobility noticed Coloman's weakness, and domestically, things would change in Ungaria in time, and not for the better.

Video
Video: Hohenwerfen Castle from the Air
© biggunsband
Historical Place
Historical Place: Hohenwerfen Castle, Werfen, Austria

Location: 47°28'58.03"N, 13°11'19.49"E.


Notes
  1. All of Tuscany, including Canossa was given to Pope Gregory VII's Vatican by its powerful the powerful Margrave of Tuscany, Countess Matilda Canossa in 1079 - read Chrysalis I: Metamorphosis of Odium.
  2. Capgrave, J. (1858). The History or The Illustrious Henries. In G. B. Office, Rerum Britannicarum Medii Aevi Scriptores: Or, Chronicles and Memorials of Great Britain and Ireland During the Middle Ages, Volume 7, Part 1 (pp. 1-35). London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans and Roberts. p.33

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